Katz Dermatology, An affiliate of Anne Arundel Dermatology, Rockville, MD

herpes dermatologists Rockville MD

What is Herpes?

Herpes Simplex is a common viral infection. Signs of herpes simplex virus are cold sore or fever blister. Herpes simples virus type 1 (HSV-1) can cause cold sores. cold sores caused by HSV-1 are sometimes called Oral herpes, Mouth herepes, Simplex Labialis. Most genital Herpes is caused by Herpes simplex virus, HSV-2. But either HSV-1 or HSV-2 can cause herpes sore on face or genitals. Most people who get HSV-1 (Herpes simplex type 1) are infants and child. The virus can spread through physical contact in skin with the person who carries the virus. To have your skin screening visit , Dermatology and Clinical Skin Care at Katz Dermatology in Rockville MD with Dr. Robert Katz. The most common way to spread HSV-2 (herpes simplex type 2) is through sexual contact. In United States, 20% of sexually active adults carry HSV-2. For most people, they more likely to get HSV-2. These people: Are female, Have had many sex partners, had sex for the first time at a young age, Have (or had) another sexually transmitted infection, Have a weakened immune system due to a disease or medicine.

How can Herpes Spread?

Herpes can spread by having physical contact with a person that carry the virus. You can get herpes virus by touching a herpes sore. Most people, however, get herpes simplex from an infected person who does not have sores. Doctors call this "asymptomatic viral shedding". A person with HSV-1 (herpes simplex type 1) can pass it to someone else by: Kissing, touching the person's skin, such as pinching a child's cheek, sharing objects such as silverware, lip balm, or a razor. You can get genital herpes after coming into contact with HSV-1 or HSV-2; most people get genital herpes from HSV-2, which they get during sex. If someone has a cold sore and performs oral sex, this can spread HSV-1 to the genitals - and cause herpes sores on the genitals. Mothers can give the herpes virus to their baby during childbirth. If the baby is born during the mother's first episode of genital herpes, the baby can have serious problems. Once a person becomes infected with a herpes virus, the virus never leaves the body. After the first outbreak, the virus moves from the skin cells to nerve cells. The virus stays in the nerve cells forever, but it usually just stays there. In this stage, the virus is said to be dormant, or asleep. During an outbreak, a dermatologist often can diagnose herpes simplex by looking at the sores. To confirm that a patient has herpes simplex, a dermatologist may take a swab from a sore and send this swab to a laboratory. When sores are not present, other medical tests, such as blood tests, can find the herpes simplex virus.

How is Herpes Treated?

There is no cure for herpes simplex. The good news is that sores often clear without treatment. Many people choose to treat herpes simplex because treatment can relieve symptoms and shorten an outbreak. General Dermatology in Maryland, Dr. Matthew Katz will certainly give you the best and exact treatment for your skin disease. Most people are treated with an antiviral medicine. An antiviral cream or ointment can relieve the burning, itching, or tingling. An antiviral medicine that is oral (pills) or intravenous (shot) can shorten an outbreak of herpes. Prescription antiviral medicines approved for the treatment of both types of herpes simplex include, Acyclovir, Famciclovir, Valacyclovir. Taken daily, these medicines can lessen the severity and frequency of outbreaks. They also can help prevent infected people from spreading the virus. The first (primary) outbreak of herpes simplex is often the worst. Not all first outbreaks are severe, though and some are so mild that a person does not notice. When the first outbreak of genital herpes is mild and another outbreak happens years later, the person can mistake it for a first outbreak, some people have 1 outbreak. For others, the virus becomes active again when they have another outbreak, it is called a recurrence. These tend to be more common during the first year of infection. Over time, the outbreaks tend to become less frequent and milder. This is because the body makes antibodies (defenses) to the virus. To prevent this disease see a General Dermatologist at Katz Dermatology in Rockville MD with Dr. Robert Katz.

Related Topics: Contact Dermatitis, Warts, Itchy Skin, Scabies