Katz Dermatology, An affiliate of Anne Arundel Dermatology, Rockville, MD

Nail Disorders Dermatologist Rockville

What is Nail Disorder?

Variety of microorganisms that some which are beneficial to us that our bodies host. Bacteria and fungi are included in these microorganisms. Microscopic plants are the cause fungal infections that live on on the dead tissue of our hair and nails, and our skin.

Cells are replaced by newer ones as they grow out; they are compacted and take on a hardened form. 0.1 mm each day is the average growth rate of nails. There are factors that depend on individual rates;

  • Age
  • Activity level
  • Heredity
  • Time of year

Toenails are much slower to grow compared to fingernails. Nails also grow slower in colder than warm environments. The dominant hand of a person grow nail faster, and men's nails grow more quickly than women's, except during old age and pregnancy. Disease, hormone imbalance, and aging process can affect the growth of nails. Visit One of the Best Dermatologists in Rockville MD Dr. Robert Katz they will certainly give you his best to treat your nail disorders.


What are the complications of Nail Disorder?

Nails take a lot of abuse due to their bare location. 10 percent of all skin conditions are comprise by nail disorders. Most of us, at one or another has endured minor nail infections, suffered from ingrown toenails, or closed fingers in doors. Minor nail injuries heal on their own, although, due to the nail's slow growth rate, they might be unsightly for a while. Professional treatment may be required if the injury or disorder is serious. Pain, swelling of the skin around the nails, shape change or color could caused by symptoms that signal nail problems. Additionally, the persistence of black or white lines, dents, or ridges in the nail should be reported to your dermatologist. See One of the Best Dermatologists in Rockville MD, Dr. Matthew Katz.


What are the types of Nail Disorder?

  • White Spots - White spots on the nails are very common and usually recur. Injury to the base of the nail area that cause of these small, semi-circular spots, where nail cells are produced. They will eventually grow out, and they are not usually serious and cause for concern.
  • Splinter Hemorrhages - Appears under the nail plate that is caused by disruption of blood vessels in the nail bed can cause fine, splinter-like vertical lines. Certain drugs or diseases or injury to the nail can cause splinter hemorrhages. However, the most common cause is trauma. Splinter hemorrhages resolve spontaneously.
  • Fungal Infections - Fungal Infections can be difficult to treat and make up roughly 50 percent of all nail disorders. They frequently cause the end of the nail to separate from the nail bed, and more common in toenails than fingernails. Additionally, debris (white, green, yellow, or black) may discolor the nail bed and build up under the nail plate. The skin or the top of the nail at the base of the nail can also be affected. Toenails are more vulnerable to fungal infections because they are confined in a warm, moist, weight-bearing environment. If the patient's fingernails is diabetic or if the hands are always in water, candida or yeast infection can be acquired.
  • Bacterial Infections - Bacterial infection common sign and symptoms are redness, swelling, and pain of the nail skin folds. Frequent exposure to water and chemicals, or trauma to the nail or surrounding skin are the most common cause.
  • Tumors and Warts - Tumors and warts can be found near any part of the nail. However, Tumor or wart growth can change the shape or destroy the nail plate. Tumors of the nail units are categorize as cancerous or benign. Warts are the most common benign tumors. Skin surrounding or underneath the nail are the areas affected by the warts, which is a viral infection. They can sometimes cause limited use of the affected finger or toe and very painful. Removal of warts usually involves chemical application or freezing. If the wart or tumor extends into the nail folds or is located under the nail plate itself, dermatologic surgery may be necessary to remove it.
  • Psoriasis - Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease distinguish by red, scaly patches. 80 percent of people who suffer form inflammatory arthritis associated with psoriasis and roughly 10 to 50 percent of the people with psoriasis, also have nail problems. The most usual nail problems include pitting, rippling, or reddish-brown discoloration of the skin, discoloration of the nail separation of the nail from the nail bed, under the nail, crumbling and/or splitting of the nail, splinter hemorrhages, as well as swelling and redness of the skin surrounding the base of the nail. The signs of psoriatic nail are commonly noticeable on the fingernails.

You could have a consultation in one of the Dermatologist and Clinical Skin Care in Maryland with Katz Dermatology with the best dermatologists Dr. Matthew Katz.

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